A Study of Formation and Development of One Kind of Cyclone on the Mei-yu (Baiu) Front
  • 【摘要】

    The paper presents one diagnosis of baroclinity and the coupling of jets during the developing process of a cyclone that occurred on the mei-yu (Baiu) front around the end of the second stage of the m... 展开>>The paper presents one diagnosis of baroclinity and the coupling of jets during the developing process of a cyclone that occurred on the mei-yu (Baiu) front around the end of the second stage of the mei-yu (Baiu)in 1998. Results have shown that: (1) The advantageous changes of upper-level large-scale circulation caused the appearance and maintenance of the coupling between the upper-level jet (ULJ) and lower-level jet (LLJ) over the cyclone's area. The coupling of jets in this case possesses some different characteristics from previous cases. Moreover, the coupling between the ULJ and LLJ caused the intensification of both lower-level convergence and upper-level divergence, which was favorable for the development of this cyclone. (2) From the analysis of the voricity budget, the role of lower-level convergence in the development of the cyclone was emphasized. Divergent wind in the lower troposphere was a direct contributor to the development of the cyclone. (3) During the development of the cyclone, cold air and warm air were_active over the cyclone's domain. Although this cyclone occurred at the mei-yu (Baiu) front, its development assumed baroclinity to a certain extent, which was just the main difference between this kind of cyclone and the first kind of low which is usually barotropic (or quasi-barotropic). (4) In recent years, studies on mei-yu front lows have paid more attention to the lower troposphere. In this paper, the analysis of the energy budget further supports this point: the certain effect of baroclinity forcing in the upper troposphere on mei-yu front lows cannot be ignored. 收起<<

  • 【作者】

    张凤  赵思雄 

  • 【作者单位】

    Institute of Atmospheric Physics

  • 【刊期】

    大气科学进展(英文版) ISTIC SCI 2004年5期

  • 【关键词】

    cyclone  mei-yu (Baiu) front  baroclinity forcing  coupling of jet 

  • 【基金项目】

    This research work was financially supported by the State Key Basic Research Program 国家自然科学基金 The authors are grateful to Prof. Zeng Qingcun for his valuable advice and suggestions