A Review of Cloud-Resolving Model Studies of Convective Processes
  • 【摘要】

    Convective processes affect large-scale environments through cloud-radiation interaction.cloud micro-physical processes,and surface rainfall processes.Over the last three decades,cloud-resolving model... 展开>>Convective processes affect large-scale environments through cloud-radiation interaction.cloud micro-physical processes,and surface rainfall processes.Over the last three decades,cloud-resolving models (CRMs)have demonstrated to be capable of simulating convective-radiative responses to an imposed large-scale forcing.The CRM-produced cloud and radiative properties have been utilized to study the convective-related processes and their ensemble effects on large-scale circulations.This review summarizes the recent progress on the understanding of convective processes with the use of CRM simulations,including precipi-tation processes;cloud microphysical and radiative processes;dynamical processes;precipitation efficiency;diurnal variations of tropical oceanic convection;local-scale atmosphere-ocean coupling processes;and tropi-cal convective-radiative equilibrium states.Two different ongoing applications of CRMs to general circulation models(GCMs)are discussed:replacing convection and cloud schemes for studying the interaction between cloud systems and large-scale circulation,and improving the schemes for climate simulations. 收起<<

  • 【作者】

  • 【作者单位】

    Department of Geological and Atmospheric Sciences/Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation and NOAA/NESDIS/Center for Satellite Applications and Research

  • 【刊期】

    大气科学进展(英文版) ISTIC SCI 2008年2期

  • 【关键词】

    cloud-resolving models(CRMs)  convective processes  simulations of convection and clouds