Desulfurization of dibenzothiophene by a newly isolated Corynebacterium sp.ZD-1 in aqueous phase
  • 【DOI】

    10.3321/j.issn:1001-0742.2004.06.029

  • 【摘要】

    Sulfur emission through fuel combustion is a global problem because it is a major cause of acid rain. Crud oil contains many heterocyclic organic sulfur compounds, among which dibenzothiophene(DBT) an... 展开>>Sulfur emission through fuel combustion is a global problem because it is a major cause of acid rain. Crud oil contains many heterocyclic organic sulfur compounds, among which dibenzothiophene(DBT) and DBTs bearing alkyl substitutions usually are representative compounds. A strain was isolated from refinery sludge and identified as Corynebacterium ZD-1. The behavior of DBT degradation by ZD-1 in aqueous phase was investigated. Corynebacterium ZD-1 could metabolize DBT to 2-hydroxybiphenyl(2-HBP) as the dead-end metabolite through a sulfur-specific pathway. In shake flask culture, ZD-1 had its maximal desulfurization activity in the late exponential growth phase and the specific production rate of 2-HBP was about 0.14(mmol·kg dry cell-1·min-1, mmol·KDC-1·min-1). Active resting cells for desulfurization should be prepared only in this period. 2-HBP inhibited the growth of strain ZD-1, the production of DBT degradation enzymes, and the activity of enzymes. Sulfate inhibited the production of dibenzothiophene(DBT) degradation enzymes but had no effect on the enzymes' activity. The production rates of 2-HBP at lower cell densities were higher and the maximum amount conversion of DBT to 2-HBP(0.067 mmol/L) after 8 h was gained at 9.2(g dry cell/L) rather higher cell density. The results indicated that this newly isolated strain could be a promising biocatalyst for DBT desulfurization. 收起<<

  • 【作者】

  • 【作者单位】

    Department of Environmental Engineering

  • 【刊期】

    环境科学学报(英文版) ISTIC SCI 2004年6期

  • 【关键词】

    biodesulfurization  dibenzothiophene  Corynebacterium 

  • 【基金项目】

    国家自然科学基金