Biofilm structure and its influence on clogging in drip irrigation emitters distributing reclaimed wastewater
  • 【DOI】

    10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62349-9

  • 【摘要】

    Using reclaimed wastewater for crop irrigation is a practical alternative to discharge wastewater treatment plant effluents into surface waters.However,biofouling has been identified as a major contri... 展开>>Using reclaimed wastewater for crop irrigation is a practical alternative to discharge wastewater treatment plant effluents into surface waters.However,biofouling has been identified as a major contributor to emitter clogging in drip irrigation systems distributing reclaimed wastewater.Little is known about the biofilm structure and its influence on clogging in the drip emitter flow path.This study was first to investigate the microbial characteristics of mature biofilms present in the emitters and the effect of flow path structures on the biofilm microbial communities.The analysis of biofilm matrix structure using a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that particles in the matrix of the biofilm coupled extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) and formed sediment in the emitter flow path.Analysis of biofilm mass including protein,polysaccharide and phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) showed that emitter flow path style influenced biofilm community structure and diversity.The correlations of biofilm biomass and discharge reduction after 360 h irrigation were computed and suggest that PFLAs provide the best correlation coefficient.Comparatively,the emitter with the unsymmetrical dentate structure and shorter flow path (Emitter C) had the best anti-clogging capability.By optimizing the dentate structure,the internal flow pattern within the flow path could be enhanced as an important method to control the biofilm within emitter flow path.This study established electron microscope techniques and biochemical microbial analysis methods that may provide a framework for future emitter biofilm studies. 收起<<

  • 【作者】

  • 【作者单位】

    College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering/Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences/Department of Food/esearch Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences/College of Water Conservancy and Civil Engineering

  • 【刊期】

    环境科学学报(英文版) ISTIC SCI 2009年6期

  • 【关键词】

    emitter clogging,drip irrigation  biofilm  microbial community  phospholipid fatty acid  reclaimed wastewater  scanning electron microscopy 

  • 【基金项目】

    国家自然科学基金