Enhanced Phenolic Diterpenes Antioxidant Levels Through Non-transgenic Approaches
  • 【DOI】

    10.1080/07352689.2012.696457

  • 【摘要】

    Plant-derived antioxidants are essential in our diet, and antioxidant composition is a key determinant of the quality of plant extracts of interest to the pharmaceutical and food industries. By using ... 展开>>Plant-derived antioxidants are essential in our diet, and antioxidant composition is a key determinant of the quality of plant extracts of interest to the pharmaceutical and food industries. By using carnosic acid as an example of a key antioxidant constituent of rosemary and sage extracts, we discuss the importance of studying non-transgenic approaches to enhancing antioxidant levels in plants and improving the antioxidant composition of plant extracts. In contrast to other terpenoids or phenolic compounds, carnosic acid has only been found in some Labiatae species, such as rosemary and sage. Carnosic acid has medicinal properties; it is a potent antioxidant and protects skin cells against UV-A radiation and cancer. Furthermore, it has been used as a preservative in food and non-food products, displaying important antimicrobial effects. However, the key steps involved in its biosynthesis remain largely unknown, and thus non-transgenic approaches are required to increase its level in plant extracts. Dried rosemary or sage leaves can contain between 0.1% and 7% carnosic acid, depending on the species and variety, but also on plant growth conditions, sample treatment and mode of extract preparation. Furthermore, leaf age, salinity and ionic interactions can also have a significant effect on biosynthesis and therefore have a strong impact on the total antioxidant potential of rosemary and sage extracts. Non-transgenic approaches, used in these or other species, can significantly increase antioxidant levels and therefore provide very significant improvements in the quality of several botanical extracts used in industry, and can be applied as either an alternative or a complement to transgenic approaches. 收起<<

  • 【作者】

  • 【刊期】

    Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 2012年6期

  • 【语种】

    eng