Insight into the binding of copper(Ⅱ) by non-toxic biodegradable material (Oryza sativa): effect of modification and interfering ions
  • 【摘要】

    The present studies are focused on the use of non-toxic biodegradable straw from Oryza sativa in its simple and modified forms for the binding of copper(Ⅱ) ions. A relatively new "green" method was ad... 展开>>The present studies are focused on the use of non-toxic biodegradable straw from Oryza sativa in its simple and modified forms for the binding of copper(Ⅱ) ions. A relatively new "green" method was adopted for modification with urea under microwaves. The studies have been performed by using the aqueous solution of Cu(Ⅱ) ions with and without the presence of Cd(Ⅱ) and Pb(Ⅱ) as interfering ions. FTIR analysis showed the presence of oxygen- and nitrogen-containing functional groups in simple and modified materials. The emergence of new bands and shifts in the peaks confirmed the modification. The kinetics of the process was studied using the commonly employed mathematical models. Although Elovich model seemed to fit yet coefficient of determination did not reinforce it. Pseudo-second-order model was found to explain the kinetics of the binding of metal ions by simple and modified straw. The equilibrium was studied using the non-linear approach. Based on root mean square error values, it was found that Langmuir model was the most suitable model, followed by Temkin model. Surface areas were compared for single and multi-metal systems. The effect of pH was also studied. Under the studied set of conditions, the modification of straw caused a decrease in the equilibrium time of contact and increase in the bio-sorption capacities. The presence of other ions decreased the capacities drastically due the competition to bind with the materials. 收起<<

  • 【作者】

    Makshoof Athar  Umar Farooq  Sana Z. Ali  M. Salman 

  • 【刊期】

    Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy EI SCI 2014年3期

  • 【语种】

    eng