Kara-Bogaz-Gol Bay: Physical and Chemical Evolution
  • 【DOI】

    10.1007/s10498-008-9054-z

  • 【摘要】

    Kara-Bogaz-Gol Bay is a large (around 18,000?km2) and shallow (few meters deep) lagoon located east of the Caspian Sea. Its water surface was several meters to several dozens cm lo... 展开>>Kara-Bogaz-Gol Bay is a large (around 18,000?km2) and shallow (few meters deep) lagoon located east of the Caspian Sea. Its water surface was several meters to several dozens cm lower than in the Caspian Sea, so water flows from the Caspian Sea through a narrow strait into the bay, where it evaporates. Kara-Bogaz-Gol Bay is one of the saltiest bodies of water in the world; its water salinity amounts to 270–300?g/l. Different kinds of salts available in this natural evaporative basin has been used commercially since at least the 1920s. In March 1980, in order to decelerate a continuous fall of the Caspian Sea level, which in 1977 was the lowest over the last 400?years (?29?m), the Kara-Bogaz-Gol Strait was dammed. In response to this human intervention, the bay had already dried up completely by November 1983. In 1992, the dam was destroyed, and Kara-Bogaz-Gol Bay had been filling up with the Caspian Sea water at a rate of 收起<<

  • 【作者】

  • 【刊期】

    Aquatic Geochemistry 2009年1-2期

  • 【语种】

    eng